Full-spectrum cannabis oil – full-spectrum cannabis oil provides a wide array of the compounds found in cannabis, including cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and even the plant waxes and as yet unknown native compounds of the cannabis plant. It is important to remember that there is NO regulation in guiding what is labeled “full-spectrum” cannabis oil. Full-spectrum oil is made by any of a variety of different ways: pressure (such as a rosin press), ethanol extraction, and CO2 extraction. Anyone can claim to have “full-spectrum” oil, so it is very important that you make sure your source provides trusted third-party analytics with the product. Stop by a Dr. Green dispensary and ask any of their knowledgeable budtenders for more information on full-spectrum oil.
Distillate – cannabis oil that has been refined and separated into a cannabinoid-dominant fraction. The goal of the processing is to narrow in on a specific subset of compounds. Distillate is made by extracting cannabis oil through ethanol, hydrocarbon, or CO2. Waxes are removed through filtration and the oil is then put through a path distillation system to separate out various fractions based on molecular weight. It is this fraction that is sold as distillate. Terpenes or flavorings are usually added in pods or vape cartridges.
Cannabinoids – over 700 chemicals are produced within the cannabis plant. The cannabinoids are molecules that interact with the cannabinoid receptors found throughout the bodies of plants and animals. There are over 100 cannabinoids, but four are primary: THC, CBD, CBG, and CBC.
Terpenoids – Think smelling perfume! What you smell are terpenes or terpenoids. Since cannabis has no aroma, what you smell when you smell cannabis are these terpenoids. Cannabis produces more than 200 terpenes! Research on terpenoids and their synergies with cannabinoids is beginning to explain how different varieties of cannabis produce a range of effects, even if they share almost identical cannabinoid profiles.
Entourage Effect – most of those who consider full-spectrum cannabis oil superior because of the “experience” it enables the patient. When cannabis is vaporized, our bodies take in hundreds of cannabis compounds and each one has its unique effect and benefits. The compounds may change the way they work in the body in the presence of OTHER compounds. This is the entourage effect. Think of mood changes – you behave differently when you are alone, at a family gathering, or hanging out with a good friend for the day – your mood changes depending on who you are with. Cannabis is much more than THC and CBD. The Entourage Effect indicates that the various terpenes, flavonoids, cannabinoids and other compounds found in cannabis actually work together to create the effect of being “high” AND supporting the overall wellness and medicinal applications of the plant. Remove some of the compounds and you lose some of the well roundedness of the experience. For example: Pinene, a terpenoid in some cannabis strains, can reduce the short-term memory impairment that is sometimes caused by THC.
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